Contributions to Zoology, 86 (1) – 2017Vincent Nijman; Daniel Bergin: Reptiles traded in markets for medicinal purposes in contemporary Morocco

To refer to this article use this url: http://ctoz.nl/vol86/nr01/a03

References

Adeola MO. 1992. Importance of wild animals and their parts in the culture, religious festivals, and traditional medicine, of Nigeria. Environmental Conservation 19: 125-134.

Akhmisse M. 1985. Médecine, Magie, et Sorcellerie au Maroc: ou, L’art Traditionnel de Giérir. Benimed, Casablanca, Morocco.

Alves RR, da Silva Vieira WL, Santana GG. 2008. Reptiles used in traditional folk medicine: conservation implications. Biodiversity and Conservation 17: 2037-2049.

Alves RR, Leo Neto NA, Santana GG, Vieira WL, Almeida WO. 2009. Reptiles used for medicinal and magic religious purposes in Brazil. Applied Herpetology 6: 257-274.

Alves RR, Vieira WLS, Santana GG, Vieira KS, Montenegro PFGP. 2013. Herpetofauna used in traditional folk medicine: conservation implications. Pp. 109-133 in: Alves RR, Rosa IL, eds, Animals in traditional folk medicine. Heidelberg, Germany: Springer.

Auliya M, Altherr S, Ariano-Sanchez D, Baard EH, Brown C, Brown RM, Cantu JC, Gentile G, Gildenhuys P, Henningheim E, Hintzmann J, Kanari K, Krvavac M, Lettink M, Lippert J, Luiselli L, Nilson G, Nguyen TO, Nijman V, Parham JF, Pasachnik SA, Pedrono M, Rauhaus A, Rueda Córdova D, Sanchez ME, Schepp U, van Schingen M, Schneeweiss N, Segniagbeto GH, Somaweera R, Sy EY, Türkozan O, Vinke S, Vinke T, Vyas R, Williamson S, Ziegler T. 2016. Trade in live reptiles, its impact on wild populations, and the role of the European market. Biological Conservation 204: 103-119.

Benhardouze W, Tiwari M, Aksissou M, Viseux B, Godfrey MH. 2004. Notes from preliminary market surveys in Morocco. Marine Turtle Newsletter 104: 8-9.

Bergin D, Nijman V. 2014. Open, unregulated trade in wildlife in Morocco’s markets. TRAFFIC Bulletin 26: 65-70.

Bergin D, Nijman V. 2016. Potential benefits of impending Moroccan wildlife trade laws, a case study in carnivore skins. Biodiversity and Conservation 25: 199-201.

Byard RW. 2016. Traditional medicines and species extinction: another side to forensic wildlife investigation. Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology 12: 125-127.

Caillabet OS. 2013. The trade in tokay geckos Gekko gecko in South-East Asia: with a case study on novel medicinal claims in Peninsular Malaysia. Petaling, Jaya: TRAFFIC.

Ching OO, Chng SCL. 2016. The use of spiny-tailed lizards Uromastyx spp. for medicinal purposes in Peninsular Malaysia. TRAFFIC Bulletin 28: 35-40.

Cox N, Chanson J, Stuart S. 2006. The status and distribution of reptiles and amphibians of the Mediterranean Basin. International Union for the Conservation of Nature Cambridge, UK.

Fogg W. 1938. A tribal market in the Spanish zone of Morocco. Journal of the International African Institute 11: 428-58.

Fogg W. 1941. The wares of a Moroccan folk-doctor. Folklore 52: 273-303.

Franchimont J, Saadaoui EM. 2001. Etude Nationale sur la Biodiversite - Rapport de Synthese. 2nd Edition. Observatoire National de L’Environnement du Maroc, Rabat, Morocco.

Gong SP, Chow AT, Fong JJ, Shi HT. 2009. The chelonian trade in the largest pet market in China: scale, scope and impact on turtle conservation. Oryx 43: 213-216.

Harris DJ, Vasconcelos R, Brito JC. 2007. Genetic variation within African spiny-tailed lizards (Agamidae: Uromastyx) estimated using mitochondrial DNA sequences. Amphibia-Reptilia 28: 1-6.

Hsu A, Emerson J, Levy M, de Sherbinin A, Johnson L, Malik O, Schwartz J, Jaiteh M. 2014. The 2014 Environmental Performance Index. Yale Center for Environmental Law and Policy, New Haven, Connecticut, USA.

Humle T, Konate A. 2015. Primates and bushmeat hunting around the High Niger National Park, Guinea, West Africa: drivers and patterns of change. Folia Primatologica 86: 298.

Jackson JG 1810. An account of the empire of Morocco, and the district of Suse. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA: Francis Nichols, Fry and Kammerer.

Knapp A. 2004. An assessment of the international trade in spiny-tailed lizards Uromastyx with a focus on the role of the European Union. CITES Doc AC Inf. 13, CITES, Geneva.

Leared A. 1876. Morocco and the Moors: being an account of travels, with a general description of the country and its people. London, UK: Gilbert and Rivington.

Martin E, Perry-Martin C. 2012. Tourists underwrite Morocco’s illegal trade in wildlife artifacts. Swara (Jul-Sep): 16-29.

Magnino S, Colin P, Dei-Cas E, Madsen M, McLauchlin J, Nöckler K, Maradona MP, Tsigarida H, Vanopdenbosch E, Van Peteghem C. 2009. Biological risks associated with consumption of reptile products. International Journal of Food and Microbiology 134: 163-175.

Mahawar MM, Jaroli DP. 2008. Traditional zootherapeutic studies in India: a review. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 4: 17.

Martínez-Freiría F, Argaz H, Fahd S, Brito JC. 2013. Climate change is predicted to negatively influence Moroccan endemic reptile richness. Implications for conservation in protected areas. Naturwissenschaften 100: 877-889.

Meziane M. 2003. Origines de la medicine traditionnelle morocaine: Enquette de terrain dans la region D’Oujda. Ph.D. dissertation. University of Nantes, Nantes, France.

Newman DJ, Cragg GM. 2012. Natural products as sources of new drugs over the 30 years from 1981 to 2010. Journal of Natural Products 75: 311-335.

Nijman V, Nekaris KAI, Bickford DP. 2012a. Small species at risk from Asian medicine. Nature 481: 265.

Nijman V, Shepherd CR, Mumpuni, Saunders KL. 2012b. Over-exploitation and illegal trade of reptiles in Indonesia. Herpetological Journal 22: 83-89.

Nijman V, Bergin D, van Lavieren E. 2016. Conservation in an ever-globalizing world: wildlife trade in, from, and through Morocco, a gateway to Europe. Pp 313-323 in: Aguirre AA, Sukumar R, eds, Tropical conservation: perspectives on local and global priorities. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.

Phelps J, Webb EL, Bickford D, Nijman V, Sodhi NS. 2010. Boosting CITES. Science 330: 1752-1753.

Pleguezuelos JM, Brito JC, Fahd S, Feriche M, Mateo JA, Moreno-Rueda G, Reques R, Santos X. 2010. Setting conservation priorities for the Moroccan herpetofauna: the utility of regional red lists. Oryx 44: 501-508.

R Core Team. 2015. R: A language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria. Available at http://www.R-project.org/. [accessed 15 January 2016]

Rowley JJ, Shepherd CR, Stuart BL, Nguyen TQ, Hoang HD, Cutajar TP, Wogan GO, Phimmachak S. 2016. Estimating the global trade in Southeast Asian newts. Biological Conservation 199: 96-100.

Sadovy Y, Cheung WL. 2003. Near extinction of a highly fecund fish: the one that nearly got away. Fish and Fisheries 4: 86-99.

Segniagbeto GH, Petrozzi F, Aidam A, Luiselli L. 2013. Reptiles traded in the fetish market of Lomé, Togo (West Africa). Herpetological Conservation and Biology 8: 400-408.

Still J. 2003. Use of animal products in traditional Chinese medicine: environmental impact and health hazards. Complement Therapies Medicine 11: 118-122.

van Lavieren E, Wich SA. 2010. Decline of the endangered Barbary macaque Macaca sylvanus in the cedar forest of the Middle Atlas Mountains, Morocco. Oryx 44: 133-138.

Westermarck E. 1926. Ritual and Belief in Morocco. London, UK: Macmillan.

Whiting MJ, Williams VL, Hibbitts TJ. 2013. Animals traded for traditional medicine at the Faraday market in South Africa: species diversity and conservation implications. Pp. 421-473 in: Alves RR, Rosa IL, eds, Animals in traditional folk medicine. Heidelberg, Germany: Springer.

Znari M, Germano DJ, Mace JC. 2005. Growth and population structure of the Moorish tortoise (Testudo graeca graeca) in westcentral Morocco: possible effects of over-collecting for the tourist trade. Journal of Arid Environments 62: 55-74.

Zhou Z, Jiang Z. 2004. International trade status and crisis for snake species in China. Conservation Biology 18: 1386-1394.