Contributions to Zoology, 86 (4) – 2017Kennet Lundin; Tatyana Korshunova; Klas Malmberg; Alexander Martynov: Intersection of historical museum collections and modern systematics: a relict population of the Arctic nudibranch Dendronotus velifer G.O. Sars, 1878 in a Swedish fjord
Materials and methods

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Historical museum specimens

A total of 117 specimens of the Dendronotus robustus species complex (Table 1) from the Gothenburg Natural History Museum (GNM), the Swedish Museum of Natural History, and the Oslo Natural History Museum (NHM-UIO) were investigated, including a study of both external and internal features. The majority of the specimens had been examined and determined as Dendronotus robustus by the nudibranch specialist Nils Odhner between the 1910s to the 1930s. Five of the specimens from the Gothenburg Natural History Museum were sent as loan to the Zoological Museum in Moscow for morphological investigation. Two specimens (GNM 3026 and 3027) were dissected and SEM-studies of their radula were performed (Figure 1, Table 1). Additionally, AM checked all previously identified as D. robustus specimens while he visited GNM in August 2017.


Figure 1. Dendronotus velifer, two historical specimens from the Gullmar Fjord. a–c: habit of specimen 26 mm in length (GNM 3026); f–h: habit of specimen 13.5 mm in length, dorsal, ventral and lateral views respectively (GNM 3027); . d–e: radula of specimen GNM 3026; i–k: radula of specimen GNM 3027, central and lateral teeth respectively; l, jaw; n, o: lectotype, Barents Sea, Vadsø, NHM-UIO nr. 16174. m: genital openings and copulative apparatus. Scale bars: d, i: 100 µm; e, j, k: 30 µm; n, o: 5 mm. Photographs by Tatiana Korshunova (a-h, m) and Karsten Sund (n, o).


Table 1. Historical specimens of Dendronotus velifer G.O. Sars, 1878 from Swedish and Norwegian museums.